Anti-inflammatory plant extracts



Uncontrolled inflammation is the pathophysiologic basis for many widely occurring diseases of animals including dermatitis, arthritis and cancer. Plant extracts have broad spectrum of anti-inflammatory activities such as  blocking the degranulation of mastocytes, lowering the production of prostaglandin, leukotrienes, TNF alpha and IL-1 and finally reducing the secretion of metalloproteinases.

Based on an extensive review of the scientific literature, Arcanatura has selected the following plants with demonstrated anti-inflammatory activities.

As willow and meadowsweet contain large amount of salycilates their use in cats is not recommended.

 

Black currant

 Ribes nigrum
Part Used: Leaf
Fact:
The medicinal properties were first described in the 15th century in the book called La Venerie by Jacques du Fouilloux and was used to treat snake bites.
Proven pharmacological properties*:
Anti inflammatory
Analgesic
Diuretic
Hypertensive
 Practical Application in Animals:
Treatment of  osteoarthritis

 

Cat Claw

Uncaria tomentosa
Part Used:
Root & Bark
Fact:
Native to the Amazon
Proven pharmacological properties*:
Anti-inflammatory
Anti-oxident
Immuno stimulant
Anti-tumor
 Practical Application in Animals:
Osteoarthritis
Dermatitis

 

Devil Claw

Harpagophytum procombens
Part Used:
Root
Fact:
Name came from the shape of the fruit.
Proven pharmacological properties*:
Anti-inflammatory
Analgesic
 Practical Application in Animals:
Osteoarthritis
Control of Pain

 

Dragons’ Blood

Croton Lechleri
Part Used:
Sap
Fact:
Three different trees produce saps w/ medicinal properties called Dragon’s Blood.
–Dracena  Cinnabari: Already known from the ancient Romans from the island of Socrata in the Arabian Sea,
–Daemonorops  Draco from southeast Asia
–Croton  lechleri (sangre de drago) from the tropical Amazon rain forest
Proven pharmacological properties*:
Anti-inflammatory
Promotes wound and ulcer healing
Anti-secretory/anti-diarrheal
Anti-emetic
Chrondoprotective
 Practical Application in Animals:
Wound healing
Treatment of gastric ulcers
Treatment of diarrhea

 

Fig Wort

 Scofularia nodosa
Part Used:
Arial parts
Fact:
During the 16th & 17th centuries, Figwort was used as the treatment for edema or swellings.
Proven pharmacological properties*:
Anti-inflammatory
Anagelsic
 Practical Application in Animals:
Osteoarthritis
Dermatitis
Do not use while pregnant

 

Marigold

 Calendula officinalis
Part Used:
Flowering top
Fact:
Ancient Egyptian records from 5000 years ago mention Marigold and Hieroglyphics from the same period show stylized calendula flowers produced a yellow dye that was used in the 1700 and 1800s to color cheese.
Proven pharmacological properties*:
Anti-inflammatory
Anti-microbial
Immunomodulatory
Wound healing
Anti-oxidant
 Practical Application in Animals:
Dermatitis
Wound healing

 

Meadow Sweet

Spirea ulmaria
Part Used:
Flowering top
Fact:
Another name is Queen or Lady of the Meadow because majestic and elegant appearance. Common in Europe, Asia and North America
Proven pharmacological properties*:
Anti-inflammatory
Anti-oxidant
Immunomodulatory
anti-coagulant & fibrinolytic effects
Elastase inhibiting activity
 Practical Application in Animals:
Osteoarthritis

 

Nettle

Urtica dioica
Part Used:
Aerial parts
Fact:
Handle with gloves.  Nettle leaves can be sautéed in butter and is tastier than spinach.
Proven pharmacological properties*:
Anti-inflammatory
 Practical Application in Animals:
Dermatitis
Osteoarthritis
Rhinitis

 

Plantain

 Plantago lanceolata
Part Used:
Leaf
Fact:
The young leaves can be cooked and eaten
Proven pharmacological properties*:
Anti-inflammatory
Bronchodilatory
Spasmolytic
 Practical Application in Animals:
Topically for skin wounds and rashes
Chronic bronchitis

 

Rose Hips

Rosa canina
Part Used:
Fruit
Fact:
In fact, the part used is not the fruit itself but a pseudo fruit . The fruits are very small and hidden inside the pseudo fruit
Proven pharmacological properties*:
Anti-inflammatory
Anti-oxidant
Anti-nociceptive (reduce pain)
 Practical Application in Animals:
Osteoarthritis

 

Turmeric

 Curcuma longa
Part Used:
Rhizomes
Fact:
Grows wild in the forest  of southeast Asia. It is commonly used as a spice in curries and other south Asian and middle eastern cuisine. It’s also used in natural medicine, cosmetic, gardening (it repels ants), as a dye, and in weddings and other ceremonies in India.
Proven pharmacological properties*:
Anti-inflammatory
Choleretic
Anti-oxidant
Anti-mutagenic
 Practical Application in Animals:
Arthritis
Hepatitus
Adjunct cancer treatment

 

Willow

Salix alba
Part Used:
Bark
Fact:
Salicylate containing plants such as willow have been used since antiquity in the 1st century after BC.  Dioscoride, a Greek physician recommended to use teas from leaves and bark of Willow to treat gaut, skin disease and hepatitis.
Proven pharmacological properties*:
Anti-inflammatory
Anti-pyretic
Analgesic
 Practical Application in Animals:
Anti-inflammatory
Anti-pyretic
Analgesic

 

Yucca

Yucca Schidigera
Part Used:
Trunk
Fact:
Native Americans used the leaves to make ropes, bags and clothes
Proven pharmacological properties*:
Anti-inflammatory
Change fecal odor by neutralizing sulfides
Anti-protozoa
 Practical Application in Animals:
Arthritis
Coprophagia
Flatulence